Goudappel, in partnership with APPM, has recently completed the Mobility Hubs development Plan for the West Brabant region of the Netherlands. The West Brabant region is located in the southwest of the Netherlands comprised of 19 municipalities.
The project was initiated by the regional governing body to assess the potential of mobility hubs within the region in order to promote shared mobility and increase accessibility in the transit system. Goudappel and APPM worked closely with the regional stakeholders to compile and initial list of 40 hubs to be analyzed, classified, and prioritized. In order to complete this task, Goudappel developed an innovative mobility hub classification and ranking system that highlights the overall potential for hubs to prioritize spending, as well as detailed analysis to help decision makers understand within which categories improvements are necessary to maximize each hubs potential.
Mobility Hub Classification Method
To complete this project, we needed to first divide the 40 hubs into categories to better compare and analyze them. Not all hubs are the same, and comparing a more regionally centered train station to a local bus center would not provide for accurate results. To solve this we divided the hubs into 6 categories based on the conditions, amenities, and location of the hub. The six categories with brief descriptions include the following:
National Hub: These are the high-quality public transport hubs that connect West Brabant with other urban regions. These are nodes with a special appearance and quality of public space that are also an important hub for regional transport.
Regional Hub: These are the smaller train stations in the region. Transfers are common from e-car / bicycle to train. Parking facilities (good P + R, covered and guarded bicycle parking) are therefore essential. In other words: the first and last mile must be in order to make this HUB attractive and thus entice commuters to use it.
Urban Hub: This concerns the bus stops in urban areas. Especially a place where travelers are only relatively short: the bicycle is parked and the HOV is caught to continue the journey.
Local Hub: HUB has a care function for its own core and the surrounding villages. Serves as the "living room" / "meeting place" of the village. Social safety and spatial quality therefore have a high priority. Extra facilities possible in the form of package wall / neighborhood library / childcare etc.
Highway Hub: Hub that mainly serves as a transfer location, and not so much as a place to stay. Requirements for environmental quality are therefore slightly lower. Sufficient storage options for car (and bicycle) in particular are important.
Bypass Hub: Resembles the Highway hub, but on a smaller scale and is often of interest to surrounding village (s). Often used by students / commuters who park their bicycle in the morning, take the bus, and go home by bike in the evening. Good covered (and guarded) parking facilities are therefore important.
Figure 2: The 40 Hubs classified and mapped in West Brabant
After classifying the Hubs by size, location, and services we then created a method to rank the hubs to give the municipalities a way to prioritize development at each hub. The ranking method analyzed the following indicators:
Number of jobs and inhabitants within a 10 minute walk and bike from the hub
Number of jobs and inhabitants within a 45 minute bike and transit from hub
Percentage of population most likely to use transit (i.e. highly educated, 25-45 year old, low car ownership)
Mix-use of development surrounding hub
Number of transit connections
Quality of bike connections
Quality of pedestrian connections
Quality of car connections
Within each of these categories described above each classification of mobility hub was ranked internally using the Natural Jenks method. This method was used to give an accurate understanding of each classification (i.e. National Hub, Regional Hub, etc…) which resulted in a final score of hub potential per classification.
Combing the Ranking Method, along with the classification method a total spider web chart shown below was produced to visually show the current state and potential of each hub.
In addition to this, discussions with stakeholders were considered to create an ‘ Urgency Score’ that further guides the development process.
To further access the report, please reach out for a translated copy of the complete PDF guide.